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Beware of Blue Green Algae Threats to Farm Ponds by Mary Fund As the summer heat and drought bear down on the Heartland, the threat of blue green algae blooms in reservoirs and farm ponds increases. Blue green algae BGA can sicken or kill livestock and other animals, and is also harmful to humans, so pre-cautions must be taken.

The Kansas Department of Health and Environment KDHE issues advisories and warnings for public reservoirs and recreational waters, but farmers and ranchers need to be aware of the threats to farm ponds and creeks that provide livestock water.

If blue-green algae are suspected, a water sample should be collected, and can be sent to the K-State College of Veterinary Medicine Diagnostic Laboratory. The KSU fact sheet includes tips on taking a water sample and where to send for testing.

BGA is a bacteria that favors warm, stagnant water and thrives in nutrient laden waters, so farm ponds are at high risk. That combined with lack of rainfall and high temperatures have increased the threat.

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Veterinarians involved say there is no way to definitively prove that BGA were the cause, but the evidence is strong. According to KSU veterinarian Larry Hollis, BGA looks like a pale greenish oil scum on top of the water, except around the edges where it is more cobalt blue in color.

KDHE also reports that some algae blooms can look like foam or a thick slurry, and can be blue, bright green, brown or even red, and may look like paint floating on the water.

All ponds have algae and moss, but veterinarians say the BGA looks different enough to catch your attention. If a BGA bloom is suspected, it is important to remove the livestock as quickly as possible as the toxins produced can kill animals within a short time.

Fencing the pond and providing an alternative source of water is necessary. Human reaction to contact with BGA range from irritating skin rashes to respiratory complications to severe vomiting and diahrrea.

Humans are unlikely to consume pond water, but avoiding contact is important. In April, KRC was offered a package of funding to continue working in ten watersheds, but after analysis determined that the funds were not enough to make the program viable, and that participating would cost KRC more than it could afford, KRC opted to continue working in only four watersheds.

KRC will continue working in four watersheds, where funding and close staff proximity made the workload doable. In these four watersheds, they will continue to offer limited one-on-one farmer and rancher assistance, organizing edu-cational workshops and tours, and assist farmers and ranchers in developing cost-share applications for WRAPS funding to implement best management practices.

We were into water quality before it was cool. For the future, Fund states that KRC will explore new questions and the emerging challenge of farmer adapta-tion to a changing climate. Farmers and ranchers will have to find ways to make food production resilient in a changing world.

Above was taken in For well-over a decade, U. For instance, KRC was among the first in the state to fund manage-ment intensive grazing systems, providing funds for alternative watering systems and cross fencing. Inthe project developed a whole farm planning tool, the River Friendly Farm Environmental Assessment, as a way to help farmers and ranchers identify problems and needed management changes and how to implement changes on their farms.

Use of the tool assumes a systems approach to farming. Not one BMP at a time, or one issue at a time, but an approach that looks at the cropping system, the grazing and pasture and livestock operation, the wildlife habitat on the farm, the water resources-- as well as the human resources.

RUS/RUSSIA/FORMER SOVIET UNION

Then it helps the farmer or landowner identify solutions or improvements, develop a plan and timeline, and links the farmer to financial and technical resources to achieve that plan. A recent KRC survey of past program participants indicated that most adopted additional practices beyond their KRC funded project-- most often at their own expense.

Many of the farmers and ranchers KRC worked with, for one reason or another, did not participate in the state or federal conservation programs--too much red tape, or they were simply not eligible for the program, or too much time spent waiting for approval.

During the project, outreach and education was a strong component. KRC conducted over 90 farm tours, work-shops, and over presentations on farming and sustainable farming practices reaching thousands of people.

Before receiving the first funds, KRC was doing on-farm research of farming practices with farmers. KRC was working with practices to reduce chemical fertilizer and pesticide use, use legumes as forages, use cover crops to provide both nutrients, erosion control and forages for livestock, and other alternative practices to rely more on on-farm resources and less on inputs.

The CWFP funds enabled KRC to offer farmers cost-share funds to absorb some of the initial risk they were taking by adopting these practices. KRC will continue working in four watersheds. Does Your Cover Fit? Also, the cover crop can be harvested to provide livestock food at a time when all forages are in short supply.

Editor No, I am not talking about the sheet on your queen size bed. I am talking about one of the more recent topics of discussion in water quality, grazing lands, and conservation:For summer air conditioning in hot climates, absorption-based solar installations with open evaporating solution are recommended.

The UltraSolar PRO system offers an opportunity to make a home independent of traditional electricity. Seaside sun and Roman ruins! Pula is a spectacular location on the Adriatic sea, and a popular summer tourist destination.

The area is served by Pula Airport, which is well equipped to handle aircraft up to the size of a , serving nearly 30 airlines during the summer,and is equally suitable for general aviation ops.

This = gave me=20 pause to think about how we often rush = right into=20 the next season, or project or challenge. = Spring=20 reminds us this is a time for renewal and = growth.=20 All of our plants are busy gathering = energy and=20 bursting into life; they have a plan.

Community News - March March 27 - April 2, Issue Yellow to orange-yellow single daisy flowers about two centimetres across are produced from spring to summer and although variable amounts of seeds are produced, it is mainly spread vegetatively by cuttings via slashing and pruning.

This fascinating project will help. Gradually the meetings became regular and a new location was established, Summer Theatre from the "Komsomol Lake" Park (presently the park is called "Valea Morilor" (Mill Valley)). Thus, the "Alexei Mateevici" Society was established, the first formalized national liberation movement from Chisinau.

STORAGE MANAGEMENT AND ACCESS IN WLHC COMPUTING GRIDby Dr. Flavia Donno A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the req.

LDPL Pula Airport - Orbx