The past year has seen a flood of articles commemorating the end of the Cold War, and the fact that "peace" seems to be breaking out in many regions of the world.
Raman We are multi-dimensional creatures. Even as biological entities we have several layers of existence: By the last I mean an inner experience and longing to be connected with the Cosmos.
This longing expresses itself in a variety of ways, in most instances as a religious call. Evolutionary biologists and cultural psychologists may explain this away in the paradigms that are satisfactory for understanding the observed world.
For practitioners, however, religious yearning derives from an external intangible source that is not directly amenable to empirical verification. There are many in our group who are religious persons. The spiritual yearning has taken concrete forms in human history as different religions with deep historical, geographical cultural links.
Though its essence transcends such links, it is through these that the religious experience becomes meaningful, enriching, and relevant in its observance. There have always been conflicts not only between those who hold particular versions of the religious spirit, but also between those who accept the validity of the religious experience as a genuine reckoning of something beyond the physical and the temporal, and those who reject it altogether for whatever reason.
The unhappy expressions of religions — of which there are and have been many - are well known in our own times. But the positive sides of religion are seldom effectively articulated, especially in groups committed to the epistemic hegemony of science.
Therefore it is good that a number of IRASians, all of whom have great respect for science, are reflecting here on religion from positive perspectives. I am grateful to our members who responded to my invitation to write on this topic.
We are subjected every day to the pressure to attend to the surface of things. Our culture urges us to lose ourselves in the surfaces of life—the condition that Herbert Marcuse described as the one-dimensional person. The pressure toward one-dimensionality threatens to cut us off from the deeper foundations on which our experience rests.
Religion stands in contrast as a signal of the depth-dimension. Its signaling occurs in several forms. Worship practices or rituals.
Essay Sikh Teaching on Wealth and Poverty Words | 3 Pages. Sikh Teaching on Wealth and Poverty Thedefinition of wealth is a large amount of money and valuable material possessions or the state of being rich. The definition of poverty is the condition of being without adequate food or money. Sikhs believe in Kirat Karna. Poverty is immense in the world and the poor require a lot of help from the rich they depend on the rich. Different countries have educational levels, health facilities, water supply and infrastructure. A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets. A project of Liberty Fund, Inc. Facsimile PDF MB This is a facsimile or image-based PDF made from scans of the original book. Kindle KB This is an E-book formatted for Amazon Kindle devices. EBook PDF KB This.
Prayer, singing, and rituals specific to each religious community are concrete, not abstract. I think of meals as well as festivals and pilgrimages. These observances focus on the stuff of everyday life and set it in the framework of more profound dimensions of life.
Rituals also mark the major events of life--birth, puberty, marriage, death—with rites of passage that set the events in a larger narrative of meaning.
Most religions have sacred texts that offer wisdom, moral injunction, and inspirational stories that point to a dimension of what William James called the MORE.
Buddhists cultivate practices of mindfulness, peacefulness, and compassion. In one form or another, all religions inculcate these practices. The Jewish teachings about mitzvoth—the obligations to perform moral acts, particularly acts of kindness—and Tikkun olam repairing the world have inculcated over the centuries an intense commitment to social justice.
Giving to charity is a fundamental mark of Islam. The traditions of the religions are millennia long, and as such they embody the depth and variety of human efforts to understand what life is about and how we should conduct our lives.
These traditions record how people in different epochs and different life-situations have probed the realities of human frailty and sickness, birth and death, evil and virtue, success and failure, wealth and poverty, abundance and scarcity, depression and exhilaration, loneliness and togetherness, alienation and reconciliation, sexual relations, war and peace, human diversity and otherness.
These traditions are so diverse that they present a wide range of responses and a variety of answers to the perennial questioning of human existence. When we participate in these traditions we join experientially the ongoing journey of discovery of what it means to be human.
The search for meaning runs through all these traditions. All religions, in one way or another, point towards the reality of soul, which is another way of talking about depth.
This may indicate the power of the forces of one-dimensionality. Many poets today even those who, like Birkerts do not accept God or religion say that without a concept of soul, without a sense of depth, we cannot understand what it means to be human. The issue is not the death of God, but the death of the human.EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY INTERACTIVE Readings in Educational Psychology.
Developed by: W. Huitt Last updated: November Try Our Friends At: The Essay Store. Free English School Essays. We have lots of essays in our essay database, so please check back here frequently to see the newest additions. IRAS cultivates a community of informed and respectful inquiry and dialogue at the intersections of science with religion, spirituality and philosophy in service of global, societal and personal well-being.
Essays; Islam on Wealth and Poverty; Islam on Wealth and Poverty. For Islam, all belongs to God, who provides material sustenance for humanity.
At the same time, people are morally bound to support themselves and their families; idlers and thieves are considered parasites. Berkley Center for Religion, Peace & World Affairs.
M. Poverty is immense in the world and the poor require a lot of help from the rich they depend on the rich. Different countries have educational levels, health facilities, water supply and infrastructure. Religion in Africa is multifaceted and has been a major influence on art, culture and schwenkreis.com, the continent's various populations and individuals are mostly adherents of Christianity, Islam, and to a lesser extent several Traditional African schwenkreis.com Christian or Islamic communities, religious beliefs are also sometimes characterized with syncretism with the beliefs and practices.