While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement calling my present activities "unwise and untimely. If I sought to answer all the criticisms that cross my desk, my secretaries would have little time for anything other than such correspondence in the course of the day, and I would have no time for constructive work. But since I feel that you are men of genuine good will and that your criticisms are sincerely set forth, I want to try to answer your statement in what I hope will be patient and reasonable terms. I think I should indicate why I am here in Birmingham, since you have been influenced by the view which argues against "outsiders coming in.
Taking a Stand for preceding events. Prior tothe districts used to elect members of congress and state legislatures varied widely in population.
Like other southern states, Georgia had many thinly populated rural districts that politically dominated the few heavily-populated urban districts. Ina series of Supreme Court reapportionment cases most notably Wesberry v. Sanders and Reynolds v. Sims require that electoral voting districts have roughly equal populations.
Inthese "One Person, One Vote" rulings force Georgia to create a number of new state assembly districts, several of which are in Atlanta. A special election is Civil disobedience a stand on moral for June 15,to fill these new seats for the session of the legislative term.
And to use the campaign as an experiment in issue-oriented, community organizing in an urban environment as opposed to the rural areas where most SNCC work is focused.
Negro politics in Georgia is still new enough and open enough for Negroes to force a whole new concept of what politics is. We wanted people to use their own politics. Like most communities, the th has been ripped and torn apart. Using him, we hoped the district could begin to sew itself together again.
We need to disprove "voter apathy," which really is election irrelevancy. And what are they prepared to do themselves? A sense of the movement really did imbue that campaign.
Most of the meetings were like that.
And Julian was seen, by a number of the older folks in that new district as part of "The Bond" family, which, as you know, was prominent in Atlanta, through both his mother and his father.
Prior to this election there had been only one Afro-American in the Georgia legislature. The newly elected officials are to take their seats when the legislature reconvenes in January of Though Julian was not involved in drafting it, he unequivocally supports it: I endorse it, first, because I like to think of myself as a pacifist, and one who opposes that war and any other war, and eager and anxious to encourage people not to participate in it for any reason that they choose.
I think my responsibility is to oppose things that I think are wrong if they are in Vietnam or New York, or Chicago, or Atlanta, or wherever.
Charges of "disloyalty," "treason," and "subversion" are hurled. Bond is not permitted to take the oath of office or to assume his seat.
Backed by SNCC and other civil rights supporters, Julian disputes the charges against him, viewing them as a racially-motivated and unconstitutional attempt to deprive him of his First Amendment rights and deny the voters of the th District the representative of their choice.
He states his willingness to take the oath and argues that he can do so in good faith.
A special House committee is appointed to hear the case and recommend action to the body. The marchers snarl traffic as they converge on the Georgia State Capitol and circle the building.
A small break-away group attempts to force their way inside and is met with police clubs. Media reports focus their attention on the violence and the small band of militants rather than the large number of marchers or the fundamental issues the Atlanta Constitution headline reads: Most of the white legislators condemn Bond, but the newly elected Blacks come to his support.
The two Black men whom Julian defeated in the election speak out in his defense. Daugherty, a Bond defender, exposes the inherent racism underlying the anti-Bond sentiment by repeating what a white political leader told him: He tells the hearing committee: I stand before you today charged with entering into public discussion on matters of National interest.
I hesitate to offer explanations for my actions or deeds where no charge has been levied against me other than the charge that I have chosen to speak my mind and no explanation is called for, for no member of this House, has ever, to my knowledge, been called upon to explain his public statements or public postures as a prerequisite to admission to that Body.
I therefore, offer to my constituents a statement of my views. I have not counseled burning draft cards, nor have I burned mine. I have suggested that congressionally outlined alternatives to military service be extended to building democracy at home.
The posture of my life for the past five years has been calculated to give Negroes the ability to participate in formulation of public policies.Preppers!! Listen if you are worried about getting fines or etc for not doing so, this is a scare! YOu sold them at a gunshow in your town! there are so many tables and vendors and they many times do not display names or who you sold it too while you were there.
Machiavelli and the Moral Dilemma of Statecraft. Kr.s.n.a replied "If he fights fairly, Bhîma will never succeed in gaining victory. If, however, he fights unfairly, he will surely be able to kill Duryodhana. Resistance to Civil Government (Civil Disobedience) is an essay by American transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau that was first published in In it, Thoreau argues that individuals should not permit governments to overrule or atrophy their consciences, and that they have a duty to avoid allowing such acquiescence to enable the government to make them the agents of injustice.
John Rawls (—) John Rawls was arguably the most important political philosopher of the twentieth century. He wrote a series of highly influential articles in the s and ’60s that helped refocus Anglo-American moral and political philosophy on substantive problems about what we ought to do.
Using close reading and interactive activities this lesson plan explores Thoreau's critique of representative democracy in "Civil Disobedience".
Free Online Library: Thoreau, Henry David - Walden & on the Duty of Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau ON THE DUTY OF CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE - best known authors and titles are available on the Free Online Library.