It is the eleventh largest sovereign state in Africa and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest. The country derives its name from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretaniawhich existed from the 3rd century BCE into the 7th century CE in the far north of modern-day Morocco and Algeria. The capital and largest city is Nouakchottlocated on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one-third of the country's 4. On 16 AprilAziz resigned from the military to run for president in the 19 July elections, which he won.
This area is known to have supported a flourishing culture in the centuries preceding Christianity. Waves of immigrants began to flow into Mauritania in the third century AD.
People from North Africa entered first during the third and fourth centuries, then again during the seventh and eighth centuries.
Between the twelfth and seventeenth centuries, black Africans from Ghana and-Mali immigrated to Mauritania. By the late seventeenth century, Mauritania had four social groups.
The people who spoke Hassaniyya Arabic became known as the Maures. Early in the twentieth century, French forces occupied and set up a colonial administration in Mauritania, while much of the rest of the Western Sahara was controlled by Spain.
However, the colony did not become fully independent until November 28, After independence, there were continuing divisions between the non-Maure black Africans and the Maures, who dominated the political system and armed forces.
InSpain relinquished control of the Western Sahara which it had held as a territorydividing the territory between Morocco and Mauritania. The Polisario guerrillas, a group seeking self-determination for the region, then waged a war against Morocco. Mauritania allied itself with Morocco against the Polisario.
Another coup took place in December In JulyMauritania drafted a new constitution that legalized a multiparty system in place of the former one-party system. As soon as the legal restrictions were lifted, sixteen political parties were formed. The constitution makes Islam the state religion, but stresses equality and individual freedoms.
The country is roughly one and a half times the size of Texas. Its area issquare miles 1, square kilometers. About two-thirds is desert, with an occasional oasis. Mauritania has four geographic zones: The topography is generally flat, arid plains. The capital is Nouakchott.
About 40 percent of the country is covered with sand. Some of the sand sits in fixed dunes; other dunes are carried about by the wind. As ofMauritania had a population of 2.
More than half of Mauritanians are urban-dwellers. The greatest numbers live in Nouakchott and Nouadhibou. The remainder live on farms or in small towns. The Maures are the largest ethnic group in Mauritania.
Hassaniyya is an Arabic language with many other words mixed in. Many people in the larger cities and villages speak French. The other main languages are Azayr, Fulfulde, Mande-kan, and Wolof. It is believed that their baraka, or divine grace, allows them to perform miracles.
They make and distribute amulets and talismans objects that are thought to bring good luck. These are believed to have mystical powers that provide protection from illness and injury.
Islamic Sufi brotherhoods, known as tariqas, play an important role in the religious practices of the Mauritanians.
Sufism stresses mysticism and the needs of the human spirit. The Tijaniyya brotherhood is largely a missionary order that denounces theft, lying, cheating, and killing, and emphasizes continual reflection on God. It is celebrated with a military parade that passes in front of a stage on which the president and his advisors are seated.
The president addresses the nation in a speech. There are two major Islamic holidays observed in Mauritania. One is Eid al-Fitr, which comes at the end of the month of fasting called Ramadan.The impact of geography on culture; Introduction to Human & Cultural Geography Chapter Exam Instructions.
Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. Photo Gallery Maps Geography Demographics Government Economy National Symbols Interesting Facts Current Events Mauritania Facts and Culture.
Food and Recipes: Photo from Mauritania. Map of Mauritania. Mauritania . Mauritania: Mauritania: geographical and historical treatment of Mauritania and palm tree culture has been considerably of the iron-ore reserves of Mount Ijill also contributed to a transformation of settlement patterns and the urban geography of Mauritania as migrant labourers from across the country and beyond were drawn to the mining.
Lesson 1 - Introduction to the Arab World Essential Question: culture, history and language in the Arab world.” Tell students to notice what they Morocco, Mauritania, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.
Iran and Turkey are not Arab. Approximately 90% of Mauritania's land is within the Sahara; consequently, the population is concentrated in the south, where precipitation is slightly higher.
The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one-third of the country's million people. Mauritania, country on the Atlantic coast of Africa. Mauritania forms a geographic and cultural bridge between the North African Maghrib (a region that also includes Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia) and the westernmost portion of Sub-Saharan Africa.