Aeronautical research from both Allied and Axis countries contributed greatly to the technology used for the air charters of today. Germany, the United States, Italy, Great Britain, Japan, and the Soviet Union all developed jet aircraft in the hopes of gaining air superiority during the war.
Some battles were fought almost entirely in the air.
North American P Mustangs Source: During this battle, German planes dropped thousands of bombs on England for over three months straight. They launched around 14, sorties airplane attacks in one day.
The first major attack was when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor in The final blow in the war was also struck by aircraft when atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Types of Planes There were three major types of planes used in World War II including fighters, bombers, and transport planes. Fighters Japanese Zero Source: Naval History and Heritage Command Fighter planes are designed for air-to-air combat. They are fast and agile.
During World War II fighter planes were used to gain air superiority over a battlefield. They would try to shoot down the enemy's bomber planes and also protect their own bombers. Fighter planes were armed with high powered machine guns and cannons. Bombers Bombers were larger planes that were designed to carry and drop bombs on enemy targets.
There were different sizes of bomber planes including light, medium, and heavy. Light bombers took out smaller targets like armored vehicles.
Some light bombers could also take off and land from an aircraft carrier. The heavy bombers could fly long distances and were used to take out larger targets such as cities and large military complexes.
Bombers often had machine gun turrets including a tail gunner that would help to fight off enemy fighter planes. Boeing B Flying Fortress heavy bomberand the U. Boeing B Superfortress heavy bomber. Transport Transport planes were important during the war. They carried troops and supplies to different areas around the world.
Many of these planes were civilian aircraft and passenger planes that were adapted to be used by the air force. Transport planes included the U. Douglas C Skytrain and the U. The Luftwaffe played a major role in helping Germany to take control of much of western Europe at the start of the war.
They used radar to help hold off the Germans in the Battle of Britain. By the end of the war, the Soviet Union had produced over 36, of the Ilyushin II ground-attack fighter.
The Soviet Union used a similar tactic to bring down German aircraft. Airplanes also played an important role in the war at sea through the use of aircraft carriers.World War II Collection.
During World War II, aviation firmly established itself as a critical component of modern warfare. Military investment during WWII accelerated aviation design considerably.
World War 2 utilized a combination of fighters, interceptors, reconnaissance, anti-ship, ground attack and specialized platforms to undertake a wide variety of missions over many parts of the world and signaled both the peak - and end - of the prop-driven fighter, soon to be replaced by the turbojet.
Military aircraft in World War II included bombers, fighters, and reconnaissance airplanes, as well as a limited number of cargo transports, gliders, blimps, and even jets. Aircraft of various kinds had played a highly visible, but relatively minor role in World War I, but during World War II they.
Flying model craft and stories of manned flight go back many centuries, however the first manned ascent – and safe descent – in modern times took place by larger hot-air balloons developed in the 18th century. Each of the two World Wars led to great technical advances.
Consequently, the history of aircraft can be divided into five eras. Legendary Aviators and Aircraft of World War One. By Stephen Sherman, Aug. Updated July 8, T hey fought in canvas and wood biplanes that could barely fly MPH. Men like von Richthofen, Rickenbacker, Bishop, Guynemer, Mannock, Ball, who flew airplanes with names like Spad, Fokker, Albatros, Nieuport, and Sopwith Camel.
The Great Book of World War II Airplanes is easily one of the best books out there covering the subject of WWII military schwenkreis.com book covers all of the most well known aircraft which makes it great for a person who has an interest in WWII aviation the level of detail of the technical drawings makes it interesting even for a person that already has alot of knowledge on the subject.