Lucien died from his wounds in a makeshift army hospital on 11 October. After contracting tuberculosis inhe had to end his football activities:
Allegorical interpretations are as elusive and as tenuous as their interpreters. One critic will charge that the work has been diced into irreparable ruins; another will dismiss the same essay as superficial and general. Camus recognized this difficulty and remarked that only broad outlines should be paralleled in allegorical comment.
To attempt a thorough analysis would be to suggest that the work was not art but contrived artifice. It is in this spirit of generalities that The Plague has been considered. Camus' chronicle had been conceived as early asbut was not begun until after France was defeated and the Germans moved their occupation troops into the country.
During these years Camus kept a series of notebooks and many of the jottings in the notebooks suggest the multitude of ideas that Camus considered before his book was finally completed. Nearly all these early Plague ideas reveal Camus' concern for a truthful realism and a rejection of sensationalism.
They also indicate his continuing insistence that his book carry his metaphysical ideas of the absurd. Initially Camus was even wary of the word plague. Late inhe cautions himself not to include the word in the title.
He considers The Prisoners. Later and more frequently he mentions the prisoner idea and, especially, the theme of separation.
Several kinds of separation are apparent already in the first part. Within the plot line, many of the characters are separated from one another by their small-time greeds, their lack of human love, and their indifference.
There is also the separation of the living and the dead as the plague progresses into Oran. The ill are put into isolation camps and are separated from relatives and family. Finally, and of philosophical interest, is the separation of nature and the Oranians. The setting is awesome and beautiful on the sea.
Throughout the sick-tainted days of the epidemic, nature is radiant. Man's plight seems nonexistent. Here is Camus' crux.The Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to Albert Camus "for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times".
Reading The Stranger with Camus’s philosophy of the absurd in mind sheds a good deal of light on the text. Although Camus’s philosophical ideas resonate strongly within the text, it is important to keep in mind that The Stranger is a novel, not a philosophical essay.
When reading the novel, character development, plot, and prose style demand just as much attention as the specifics of the absurd. Jean-Paul Sartre: Jean-Paul Sartre, French novelist, playwright, and exponent of Existentialism—a philosophy acclaiming the freedom of the individual human being.
He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in , but he declined it. Learn more about Sartre’s life, works, and philosophy in this article. Looking for The Stranger: Albert Camus and the Life of a Literary Classic by Alice Kaplan The Stranger is a rite of passage for readers around the world.
Since its publication in France in , Camus’s novel has been translated into sixty languages and sold more than six million copies. Man's struggle to adjust to his new vision, his guilty relapse into easeful hope for eternal life, and his fleeting thoughts of suicide — all these will plague him until he will, with new insight, re-emerge to live with the absurd vision, with spiritual hope, or self-impose his own death.
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